Coral Reefs are one of the most biologically diverse marine ecosystems on the earth.
These are found in the shallow tropical areas where the seawater is clean, clear, and warm and spreads in a large area having rich species diversity.
Coral Reefs are important due to the following reasons.
|1. Ecologically, coral reefs are important because they are the counterpart to the tropical rain forest in terms of biological productivity in the Ocean and species diversity.|
|2. Coral Reefs are natural protective barriers against erosion and storm surge.|
|3. They provide habitat for a large variety of plants and animals.|
|4. Coral reefs provide an accurate long-term record of climate change by helping in determining the climate variability in remote tropical oceans and thus are climatologically important.|
|5. Coral Reefs provide substrate for mangroves.|
|6. They help in the formation of associated eco-systems which allow the formation of essential habitats, fisheries, and livelihoods.|