What are Green Crackers and why are they important?


Green Crackers are specially manufactured crackers with the objective of reducing air pollution and health hazards while maintaining its performance.

Green Crackers were developed by the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) led by Nagpur-based National Environmental Engineering Research Institute (NEERI) in a bid to tackle the crisis of air pollution.

Any kind of firecrackers are regulated by the Petroleum and Explosives Safety Organisation (PESO).

These crackers are available at the same cost as the traditional ones, some of them are even cheaper!

Difference Between Green Crackers and Conventional Crackers

Green CrackersConventional Crackers
1. Use Potassium Nitrate (KNO3) as an oxidantUse Barium Nitrate as an oxidant
2. Does not contain banned and harmful chemicals like lithium, arsenic, and leadMight contain banned and harmful chemicals like lithium, arsenic, and lead
3. Green Logo is used to identify them.No such logo is used.
4. Releases water vapor, air as a dust suppressantDoes not releases any water vapor
5. Lesser impact on health and the environmentHigher negative impact on health and the environment.

Green Crackers and their Importance

Green Crackers are less harmful and dangerous than the traditional ones.

The green crackers use Potassium Nitrate (KNO3) as an oxidant to achieve a 30% reduction in particulate matter and 40% less sulfur dioxide emissions on an average.

These are also named as Safe Water Releaser (SWAS), Safe Thermite Cracker (STAR) and Safe Minimal Aluminium (SAFAL)

These crackers have the unique property of releasing water vapor, air as a dust suppressant, and diluents for gaseous emissions that match with the performance in sound with traditional conventional crackers.

Some of the conventional crackers use Barium Nitrate as an oxidizer which causes irritation in the nose, throat, and lungs when inhaled. Green Crackers have replaced barium nitrate with oxidants such as potassium nitrate making it safer to burst.

Green Crackers are also free of other banned chemicals such as lithium, arsenic, and lead which are generally found in conventional crackers.

To differentiate a Green cracker form a conventional one, a Green Logo and a system of QR (Quick Response) Code has been developed.