Nandur Madhameshwar Wetland


Nandur Madhameshwar wetland has been recently (January 27, 2020) declared Ramsar Site of international importance.

It lies in the 100 sq km Nandur Madhameshwar Bird sanctuary formed in 1986.

It is the first Ramsar site in (Niphad tahsil of Nashik district) Maharashtra and one among the 10 new wetlands declared under the Ramsar Convention.

In order to get notified as a Wetland under Ramsar Convention, the wetland has to meet at least one of the criteria. Nandur Madhameshwar has met seven out of nine criteria set for recognition by the Ramsar Convention.

Important Facts

1. Nandur Madhameshwar has lakes, marshes, and riparian forest on the Deccan Plateau.
2. It is home to many threatened birds like Indian Spotted Eagle, Eastern Imperial Eagle, Common Pochard, Bristled Grass Bird, Wooly-necked stork, White-rumped vulture, Indian vulture, and Egyptian vulture, threatened fish Deolali Minnow and mammal, like leopard.
3. The Nandur Madhameshwar Sanctuary area has diverse flora and fauna despite the semi-arid conditions due to being in the rain shadow area of Western Ghats.
4. It is a habitat to diverse fish species and includes  Butter catfish, Slender rasbora, Deolali minnow, Novacula razorbelly minnow, and globally threatened specie Shalini barb.

The Deolali minnow is a critically endangered species of cyprinid fish currently only known from the Darna River near Deolali in Nashik District, Maharashtra, India.
5. A Weir or low head dam is constructed at the confluence of the Godavari and Kadwa Rivers which has helped create a thriving wetland.

How many Ramsar Sites are in India? (Updated 2020)


There are a total of 37 (27 + 10 recently added) Ramsar Sites in India.

List of Ramsar Sites in India –

State/UTsRamsar Site
Jammu and KashmirHokera Wetland, Surinsar- Mansar lakes, Wular lake
Himachal PradeshChandra Taal, Pong Dam lake, Renuka lake
PunjabBeas Conservation Reserve, Harike Wetlands, Kanjli Wetland,
Keshopur-Miani Community Reserve(Gurdaspur Wildlife sanctuary), Nangal Wildlife Sanctuary, Ropar Wetland
Uttar PradeshNawabganj Bird Sanctuary, Parvati Agra Bird Sanctuary, Saman Bird Sanctuary,
Samaspur Bird Sanctuary, Sandi Bird Sanctuary, Sarsai Nawar Jheel, Upper Ganga river
RajasthanKeoladeo National Park, Sambhar lake
AssamDeepor Beel
TripuraRudrasagar Lake
ManipurLoktak lake
GujaratNalsarovar Bird sanctuary
Madhya PradeshBhoj Wetlands
West BengalEast Kolkata Wetlands, Sunderban Wetland
OdishaBhitarkanika Mangroves, Chilika Lake
Andhra PradeshKolleru lake
MaharashtraNandur Madhameshwar (Bird Sanctuary)
Tamil NaduPoint Calimere Wildlife and Bird Sanctuary
KeralaSasthamkotta lake, Vembanad Kol Wetland

Recently Added Ramsar Sites (Updated 2020)

The Ramsar Convention has declared 10 more wetlands in India as sites of international importance.

This has taken the total to 37 Ramsar Sites in India..

These recently added Sites are –

  • PUNJAB – Keshopur-Miani Community Reserve,(Gurdaspur Wildlife sanctuary), Nangal Wildlife Sanctuary, Beas Conservation Reserve
  • Uttar Pradesh – Sarsai Nawar Jheel, Nawabganj Bird Sanctuary, Samaspur Bird Sanctuary, Sandi Bird Sanctuary, Parvati Agra Bird Sanctuary, Saman Bird Sanctuary
  • Maharashtra – Nandur Madhameshwar(Bird Sanctuary)